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Com132 items which must include a minimum of forty upper division pletion of Department of Music Foreign Language Examinaunits. Students in jazz studies, whose main performance medium is woodwinds, shall be required to take a minimum of Option in Instrumental Music (code 4-5826) 6 items in saxophone, 2 items in clarinet, 2 items in flute, and 4 (132 units) items consisting of further examine in saxophone, clarinet or flute for a total of 14 items in applied music. Completion of Department of Music Foreign Language Examination in French, German, or Italian (may be waived by completion of 101B degree course in French, German, or Italian). Advancement to Candidacy the stipulations for advancement to candidacy are the same as these for the Master of Music. Completion of a minimum of 30 items of permitted upper division and graduate programs with 24 items within the major. Minor in Music (code 0-5820) Requirements A minimum of 18 items, 10 of which should be upper division (300- and 400-level courses). A degree plan should be ready in convention with the division advisor previous to beginning this program. Master of Arts in Music (code 5-5820) the Master of Arts degree in Music supplies educational concentrations in Musicology, Music Theory and Music Education. The pupil must request all establishments of upper studying attended to ship official copies of transcripts directly to the Office of Admissions and Records and one other set to the Department of Music Graduate Advisor. Graduates of California State University, Long Beach must observe these identical procedures when making software to the Master of Arts in music program; three. All candidates are required to full the Department of Music Graduate Placement Examination before they register for programs applicable to the Master of Arts degree. Applicants for the musicology focus must show evidence of studying and translation ability in one international language (French or German); 4. All candidates are required to full the Department of Music Graduate Placement Examination before they register for programs applicable to the Master of Music degree. Composition: submission and approval of a portfolio of consultant authentic scores and evidence of baccalaureate-level competency as required within the Bachelor of Music Composition Option; B. Performance/Jazz Studies/Conducting: profitable completion of a conducting examination and approval by the conducting college; Performance-Opera; Jazz Studies; and Instrumental/Vocal: an audition both at a performance degree and with a repertory on an instrument or in voice acceptable to the college of the specific performance medium. Teaching Credentials See Instrumental Music and Choral-Vocal Music choices beneath B. Remove all undergraduate deficiencies, which have been determined by the departmental Graduate Placement Examination and/or the Dean of the College of the Arts; three. Music Performance Opportunities to take part in varied instrumental and vocal ensembles can be found to all students regardless of major. Before enrolling in a performing group students should apply to the director of the organization by which they want to participate. General requirements for all majors: Completion of a minimum of 30 items of permitted upper division and graduate programs with 24 items within the major. Music Forum (1) Recital attendance and performance on principal instrument or voice. Group Piano for the Non-Major (1) A group piano setting designed for the student excited about studying to play the piano for enjoyment. Study of the essential expertise of music studying, ear coaching and sight-singing together with melodic and harmonic 120A-B. Computer asTechnique, tone manufacturing, rhythm, sight-reading, interpretation sisted instruction is on the market. Class Voice (1-1) Fundamental techniques of singing, tone manufacturing, voice placement, respiration, diction, repertoire and track interpretation. Beginning ideas of part-writing, to include modal counterpoint, ideas of chord development, chord prolongation, and evaluation in diatonic and chromatic tonal music. Principles of part-writing, to include modal counterpoint, ideas of chord development, chord prolongation, and evaluation in diatonic and chromatic tonal music. Chronological survey of music and musical kinds from 1600 to 1750 with chosen readings, recordings and scores for in-depth examine. Written, aural and performance expertise with scales, intervals, chords, and melodies. Study of the essential expertise of music studying, ear coaching and sight-singing together with melodic and harmonic dictation through modulation and chromatic harmony. Recital of the usual literature for solo instrument or voice within the performance possibility within the Bachelor of Music degree. Choral Organization and Rehearsal Techniques (2) A course for the choral musician with emphasis upon the rehearsal and rehearsal techniques. Aspects of auditioning voices, choral tone, diction, and rating preparation shall be careworn. Methods of organization and management of the overall choral program may even be addressed. Individual Instruction for Music Majors (1) Prerequisite: Successful completion of the departmental upper division screening exam on the applied instrument or voice. Improvisation Techniques I (2) Basic techniques in improvisation, beginning with simple question and answer phrases and progressing to prolonged solos. Principles of pronunciation of lyric French and German using the International Phonetic Alphabet. Development of fundamental technical expertise on the piano, together with sight-reading, harmonization on the keyboard, chord and scale identification, rating evaluation and beginning ensemble taking part in}. Performance of excerpts and full works for the lyric theatre: solo and ensemble coachings; intensive language and diction coaching; preparation and performance of whole function in authentic language; further areas include stage management, scheduling, costuming, set building. Beginning Instrumental Ensemble Lab (1) Examination of organizational and tutorial techniques regarding instrumental novices, orchestral and band, properly as|in addition to} performance on secondary devices and conducting ensemble class classes. Popular Music in America (3) Prerequisite: Completion of 13-unit Foundation requirement. Artistic and socio-economic influences on in style music in America from 1890 to the current. Special consideration of the influence on "pop" music of various cultures and ethnic teams throughout the U. Intensive evaluation of the historical growth of type in tonal music from the early Baroque through the early twentieth century. Continuation of intensive evaluation of consultant compositions of the twentieth Century with emphasis on writing in chosen twentieth Century kinds. Students will work at individual workstations in a networked pc music lab, gaining expertise with practical software on studio gear. This course is intended for liberal studies majors and others by consent of instructor. Introduction to Music Education (3) this course supplies the philosophical and pedagogical concept required for the design and execution of acceptable music tutorial applications on the basic classroom, center faculty, and secondary levels. The content contains discussion of rationales for music education, the current state of music education, basic studying ideas, music studying theories, classroom management, and analysis and resource materials in music education. Composition in chosen kinds and varieties from varied historical intervals with readings of pupil works by resident ensembles. Chronological survey of music and musical readings, recordings and scores for in-depth examine. Jazz, An American Music (3) Prerequisite: Completion of 13-unit Foundation requirement. A historical survey of the origins, developments, and social significance of American Jazz through recordings, movies, live performances, and lectures. Music and the Humanities: Antiquity to the Baroque (3) Prerequisites: Completion of 13-unit Foundation requirement and upper division status. Survey of interrelationships between music and literature, visual arts, and dance from Antiquity through the Baroque period. Music and the Humanities: Enlightenment to the Present (3) Prerequisites: Completion of 13-unit Foundation requirement and upper division status. Survey of interrelationships between music and literature, visual arts, and dance from the Enlightenment to the current. Recording and Electronic Techniques (3) Technique of the preparation and recording of music and the examine of digital recording and musical gear.
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Groundwater availability mediates the ecosystem results of an invasion of Prosopis pallida (Willd. Influences of N-fixing and non-N-fixing vegetation and invasive fish on water chemistry of Hawaiian anchialine ponds. Forest construction in low-diversity tropical forests: a research of Hawaiian wet and dry forests. Tradeoffs in seedling growth and survival inside and across tropical forest microhabitats. Native timber present conservative water use relative to invasive: results from a removing experiment in a Hawaiian wet forest. Invasive feral pigs influence native tree ferns and woody seedlings in Hawaiian forest. Persistence of native timber in an invaded Hawaiian lowland wet forest: experimental analysis of light and water constraints. Litter high quality versus microbial community controls over decomposition: A quantitative analysis. Influence of terrestrial molluscs on litter decomposition and nutrient launch in a young Hawaiian rainforest. Tests in low-diversity Hawaiian wet forest and global comparisons amongst tropical forests. Restauraciуn ecolуgica de bosques tropicales en Costa Rica: efecto de varios modelos en la producciуn, acumulaciуn y descomposiciуn de hojarasca. Litterfall dynamics and nutrient cycling underneath completely different tropical forest restoration methods and young secondary forests. Planting seedlings in plantations versus tree islands as a large-scale tropical forest restoration strategy. Macro-invertebrates speed up litter decomposition and nutrient launch in a young Hawaiian rainforest. Pages 90-100 in Tropical Montane Cloud Forests: Science for Conservation and Management, editors. Foliar nitrogen and phosphorus accumulation responses after fertilization: an example from nutrient-limited Hawaiian forests. Strategic light manipulation often a|could be a} sustainable restoration technique to suppress alien grasses and encourage native regeneration in Hawaiian mesic forests. Evaluating limitations to native seedling institution in an invaded Hawaiian lowland wet forest. Ecosystem and restoration penalties of invasive woody species removing in Hawaiian lowland wet forest. Litterfall and decomposition in relation to soil carbon swimming pools alongside a secondary forest chronosequence in Puerto Rico. Understory colonization of Eucalyptus plantations in Hawai`i in relation to light and nutrient levels. Patterns of major succession of native and launched plants in lowland wet forests in Eastern Hawaii. Trends in above and belowground carbon with forest regrowth after agricultural abandonment within the Neotropics. Hyperspectral distant sensing of canopy biodiversity in Hawaiian lowland rainforests. Long-term patterns in reforestation of tropical pastures: plant community composition and aboveground biomass accumulation. Factors affecting mortality and resistance to injury following hurricanes in a rehabilitated subtropical moist forest. The affect of hurricane winds on Caribbean dry forest construction and nutrient swimming pools. Carbon sequestration and plant community dynamics following reforestation of tropical pasture. Forest ground decomposition following hurricane litter inputs in a number of} Puerto Rican forests. Effects of N and P fertilization on invasion by non-native species in Hawaiian montane forests. The results of nitrogen and phosphorus availability on fantastic root dynamics in Hawaiian montane forests. Neotropical secondary succession: changes in structural and practical traits. The potential for carbon sequestration via reforestation of abandoned tropical agricultural and pasture lands. Early levels of root and leaf decomposition in Hawaiian forests: results of nutrient availability. Patterns of reproductive effort with time since last fire in Florida scrub plants. Redefining success as we mentor Pacific Island college students into conservation careers. Ecosystem and market advantages of functional-trait primarily based restoration relative to different intensive land uses in Hawai`i. Abundance of Neotropical legumes during secondary succession across a rainfall gradient. Rarity of nitrogen-fixing timber in Asia suggests lower 1 potential for carbon sequestration. In lower level programs, the emphasis is on developing a solid basis primarily based on ecological principle and to perceive how that principle could be utilized to present environmental points, significantly related to global change. In upper level programs, major target|the major focus} is on studying about the "artwork" of science, together with reading major literature, dialogue of recent analytical tools, and improvement of impartial hypotheses and analysis proposals. All laboratory programs that I educate are subject primarily based, and benefit of|benefit from|reap the advantages of} the extraordinary landscape variety of the Big Island of Hawaii. In all of my lessons we do active studying workout routines to stress quantitative skills and concepts. Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Biology Laboratory: Assistant Professor Floyd A. Awarded to the top 10% of theses primarily based on analysis content material, originality, high quality and accuracy of presentation. The Examining Committee included Professor Peter Dunn (University of Wisconsin), Professor Katherine Belov (University of Sydney), and Professor Graham Wallis (University of Otago). Additionally awarded an allowance to use this grant for abroad analysis primarily based on the justification outlined in my project proposal. Smith Conservation Research Fellowship, "Developing genetic strategies to control mosquito-vectored illness: a brand new} device for species conservation". Tropical Conservation Biology and Environmental Science Program, University of Hawai`i at Hilo, Hilo, Hawai`i, U. Allan Wilson Centre for Ecology and Evolution Annual Meeting, Palmerson North, New Zealand. Atlantic Coastal Plain Flora: Plymouth gentian (Sabatia kennedyana), pink coreopsis (Coreopsis rosea) 2. Grassland prairie: Surveys and mapping of native and invasive species Bird capture, banding, monitoring, and/or blood sampling (2000-2005; 2009- 2010;*denotes monitoring only) 1. Passerines: hermit thrush (Catharus guttatus), Stewart Island robin (Petroica australis rakiura), mohua (Mohoua ochrocephala) four. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Environment and Education, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada (2006) 5. Species at Risk Program, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada (2003-2005) 6. Memorial University of Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada (2000; 2004) Li Tao Tel: (808)-932-7179; Email: ltao2@hawaii. Connecting my lectures with real-world purposes via project-based studying. Applying inquiry-based educating strategies to move college students past general curiosity into important thinking and understanding.
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The committee would also prefer to thank senior program officers Anne Claiborne and Clare Stroud for the steerage they offered throughout the study properly as|in addition to} science author Erin Hammers who helped to draft portions of the report. Special thanks are also outcome of} Rona Briere and Alisa Decatur for their editorial assist. We also respect the numerous employees on the National Academies who contributed to the production and evaluation of the report, including Daniel Bearss, Clyde Behney, Christie Bell, Chelsea Frakes, Ellen Kimmel, Rachel Marcus, Janice Mehler, Bettina Ritter, Lauren Shern, and Taryn Young. The committee and employees also lengthen their gratitude to Greta Gorman, Nicole Joy, Sarah Kelley, An Nguyen-Gia, and Jennifer Walsh for their assistance with report communications and launch activities. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Children and Recovering Mothers central nervous system Center of Excellence in Pain Education cyclooxygenase advanced regional pain syndrome Controlled Substances Act colony-stimulating factor 1 dopamine Drug Addiction Treatment Act of 2000 damage-associated molecular patterns defined day by day dose Drug Enforcement Administration Diagnosis, Intractability, Risk, Efficacy tool U. Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic: Balancing Societal and Individual Benefits and Risks of Prescription Opioid Use Summary1 the continued opioid disaster lies on the intersection of two substantial public health challenges-reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that may end result from using of} opioid medicines. The committee interpreted its cost as focusing totally on prescribed opioids, though its analysis of the epidemiology of the opioid epidemic and strategies for addressing it took into account the diversion of prescription opioids into illicit markets and the influence of use of prescription opioids on use of illicit opioids, similar to heroin. This analytical strategy was essential markets for these medicine have been found to be interrelated. Citations for the findings presented within the summary appear in subsequent chapters of the report. Drug overdo se, driven pr se th on D rimarily by o opioids, is now the leadin explanation for unintentiona injury deat within the Un ng u al ths nited States. Pain is a com mplex syndrom usually difficult to me me, easure or trea and is ass at, sociated with h comorbid dities. M ny a se Moreover, ma lawfully any y dispensed opioids ma their means into the ha d ake y ands of peop for whom they were n supposed ple m not d, including members in illicit markets. As a end result, hurt related to use of prescription g m ms d f n opioids have an effect on} not onl patients with pain themselves but in addition their fa a ly w t amilies, their communiti r ies, and socie at giant. Because of these risks, no widely accepted guideline for opioid prescribing recommends using of} opioids as a first-line therapy for management of persistent noncancer pain. A number of nonopioid pharmacologic remedies can be used efficiently to manage pain. While every such alternative has its personal indications and risks, there are some circumstances by which nonopioid analgesics. Nonpharmacologic interventions for pain therapy, including acupuncture, physical therapy and train, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and mindfulness meditation, are also highly effective instruments within the management of persistent pain. While further research is needed for some nonpharmacologic interventions to higher understand their mechanism of motion and optimal frequency and intensity, they could provide efficient pain aid lots of} patients rather than or together with pharmacologic approaches. Interventional therapies3 even have been found to be useful for the management of some types of pain. Likewise, progress in preclinical and translational research includes a number of} developments associated to the creation of nonaddictive alternate options to the opioid analgesics at present available on the market. The movement towards pragmatic, Interventional pain management involves using of} invasive techniques, similar to joint injections, nerve blocks, spinal cord stimulation, and different procedures, to cut back pain. Precision drugs (broadly defined) has the potential to enhance clinical pain research and management, but is one other space by which continued research is needed. In specific, research on the interactions amongst pain, emotional distress, and reward, including pain-induced alterations within the reward pathway, would assist in understanding and decreasing the misuse potential of opioids. It important to recognize that individuals who inject medicine are vulnerable to harms associated to drug use might be} lowered by protected access to injection materials. Department of Health and Human Services, state businesses, and different stakeholders should think about the potential results of these interventions on illicit markets- including each the diversion of prescription opioids from lawful sources and the impact of increased demand for illegal opioids similar to heroin amongst customers of prescription opioids-and take acceptable steps to mitigate those results. The National Institute on Drug Abuse and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention should invest in on|put money into} knowledge assortment and research regarding population-level opioid use patterns and penalties, particularly nonmedical use of prescription opioids and use of illicit opioids, similar to heroin and illicitly manufactured fentanyl. Abuse-deterrent formulations are opioid medicines designed to cut back the probability that they will be "abused. When recommending plans for opioids under investigation; making approval choices on purposes for brand spanking new|for model new} opioids, new opioid formulations, or new indications for accredited opioids; and monitoring opioids on the U. To implement the techniques strategy proposed by the committee, goes to be|will most likely be} essential to broaden the evidence used to reveal security and efficacy during approval and for postmarket monitoring. Specific means for meeting this want could lengthen beyond the protocolized setting of conventional clinical trials to embody use of data from much less conventional sources, similar to online forums. Ensure that public health concerns are adequately incorporated into clinical development. The committee believes a commitment to transparency is critical to preserve balance between preserving access to opioids when needed and mitigating opioid-related harms and to preserve public trust. The committee believes this could be be} completed in a comparatively quick timeframe the evaluation can be restricted to a single drug class for which substantial evidence already exists. To consistently carry out its public health mission with respect to opioid approval and monitoring, the U. Food and Drug Administration should develop a process for reviewing, and complete a evaluation of, the security and effectiveness of all accredited opioids, utilizing the techniques strategy described in Recommendation 6-1. Moreover, final word|the last word} influence on health outcomes associated to these choices stays largely unknown. Food and Drug Administration and the Drug Enforcement Administration should apply the same public health concerns outlined in Recommendation 6-1 for approval choices to scheduling and rescheduling choices, and study empirically the outcomes of scheduling determinations on the patient and population health ranges. These strategies embody those that (1) prohibit the lawful supply of opioids, (2) affect prescribing practices, (3) cut back demand, and (4) cut back hurt. The committee offers a number of} recommendations primarily based on its evaluation of the evidence concerning the effectiveness of these strategies. The committee believes the restrictions, policies, and practices recommended leave enough space for accountable prescribing and affordable access for patients and physicians who imagine an opioid is medically essential. The potential for benefit stays counterbalanced by recent examples of surprising hurt. States and localities even have regulatory authority over the apply of medicine of their jurisdictions unless their actions are preempted by federal motion, and they have exercised that authority to stem the opioid epidemic. Overall, though further research is warranted, restricted evidence means that state and native interventions geared toward decreasing the availability of prescription opioids in the neighborhood. It ought to be emphasised, nonetheless, that none of these studies investigates the influence of lowered access on the well-being of individuals suffering from pain whose access to opioids was curtailed. The obtainable evidence means that drug take-back applications within the United States can improve consciousness of the necessity for the protected disposal or return of many unused medicine, but results of these applications on such downstream outcomes as diversion and overdose are unknown. International examples and the recent success of a year-round disposal program at one pharmacy chain assist policies increasing such applications to cut back the quantity of unused opioids in the neighborhood. Prescribing tips have the ability to|could possibly|might have the ability to} enhance provider prescribing conduct, but best when accompanied by training and different measures to facilitate implementation. State medical schools and different health professional schools should coordinate with their state licensing boards for health professionals. Food and Drug Administration, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Drug Enforcement Administration to develop an evidence-based nationwide strategy to pain training encompassing pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic remedies and educational materials on opioid prescribing. Insurance-based policies have substantial potential to cut back using of} specific prescribed drugs, though their influence on health outcomes stays uncertain. The even handed deployment of insurer policies associated to opioid prescribing would benefit from a commensurate improve in protection of and access to comprehensive pain management, encompassing each pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic modalities. Public and private payers should develop reimbursement fashions that assist evidence-based and cost-effective comprehensive pain management encompassing each pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapy modalities. Improve using of} prescription drug monitoring program knowledge for surveillance and intervention. The committee was struck in particular by the relative lack of consideration to the influence of educating the general public|most of the people|most people}. Schools for health professional training, professional societies, and state licensing boards should require and provide fundamental training within the therapy of opioid use disorder for health care suppliers, including but not restricted to physicians, nurses, pharmacists, dentists, doctor assistants, psychologists, and social workers. Remove limitations to protection of accredited medicines for therapy of opioid use disorder. Strategies for Reducing Harm Life-saving treatment for treating opioid overdose is out there. The provision of naloxone to overdose victims by laypersons or health professionals within the prehospital setting is the standard of care, and community-based applications and different first responder businesses have adopted this protocol for treating opioid overdose. Mechanisms for growing naloxone prescribing and dispensing, equipping first responders, and possibly enabling direct patient access. To cut back the harms of opioid use, including dying by overdose and transmission of infectious ailments, states should implement legal guidelines and policies that take away limitations to access to naloxone and protected injection equipment by · permitting suppliers and pharmacists to prescribe, dispense, or distribute naloxone to laypersons, third events, and first responders and by standing order or different mechanism; · guaranteeing immunity from civil liability or legal prosecution for prescribers for prescribing, dispensing, or distributing naloxone, and for laypersons for possessing or administering naloxone; and · permitting the sale or distribution of syringes, exempting syringes from legal guidelines that prohibit the sale or distribution of drug paraphernalia, and explicitly authorizing syringe trade. Trends point out that untimely deaths related to using of} opioids are more likely to|prone to} climb and that opioid overdose and different opioidrelated harms will dramatically cut back quality of life for many individuals for years to come.
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Students should participate in a minimum of three (3) completely different intramural tournaments or leagues per semester. As different to|an various selection to|a substitute for} direct participation, students can earn class credit score by officiating 15 intramural games per semester. League competition is out there in sixteen of the actions for males, girls and co-educational participation. Students enrolled in the class should contact the Recreational Sports workplace to sign up for their actions. Upon completion of every activity, the student should notify the Recreational Sports workplace of their participation. Students might participate in any of the club sports actions that are partially funded by the Associated Students, Inc. In addition to participation in club sport actions, students may also receive credit score for leadership coaching and repair performed with any college sponsored program by which club sports is promoted. To complement their instructing actions, Science Education school members maintain an active program of research and are concerned in selection of|quite lots of|a wide selection of} local, state, and college organizations and projects to improve science and environmental training. All Science Education students are required to use e-mail and expertise in and out of sophistication. The Department additionally maintains an extensive Science and Environmental Education Curriculum and Materials Resources Center which includes science instructing guides, textbooks, professional journals, and laptop software. Students and local academics are welcome to discover these sources during campus daytime hours. Ritz Assistant Professors Alan Colburn Laura Henriques Single Subject Science Credential Advisors Laura Henriques William C. A practicum on the event and use of "hands-on" elementary faculty science teaching/learning actions, items and studying facilities. Workshop in Environmental Education (3) An interdisciplinary workshop/seminar course for academics of all grade levels or topic specialties K-12. Current environmental issues, area excursions, involvement with progressive curricular supplies, and development of teaching/learning items for class use. The actions of the department are highly diversified, starting from its roots in trainer preparation via science training projects of nationwide significance. Faculty of the Department of Science Education play an necessary position in getting ready and credentialing elementary and secondary faculty academics for science instructing. Significant emphasis placed on offering skilled academics with continuing opportunities to refine and lift the effectiveness of their science instructing. Science Education school equally work with science department instructing assistants. In addition, via such projects as its "Scientist to Science Teacher" project, the Science Education Department serves scientists, engineers, and others who want to pursue second-career opportunities in science instructing. In all its endeavors, the department maintains shut ties with the academics and colleges of the larger Long Beach space. The processes of science as they relate to the life, earth, and bodily sciences. Practical approaches to understanding how science works shall be modeled and built-in throughout. Seminar in Integrated Science (2) Prerequisites: Completion of all credential breadth necessities for Single Subject Teaching Credential in Science, three-fourth of the credential specialization programs, and consent of instructor. Enrollment limited to students who intend to pursue a Single Subject Credential in Science. Requires shows, discussions, and critical evaluations by students on chosen interdisciplinary topics in the sciences. Requires collaborative work to design and conduct experiments of an interdisciplinary scientific nature. Studies shall be designed for presentation at chosen scientific or instructional meetings. This is commonly done in California high colleges and in most California junior high and middle colleges. Students are capable of to} receive information brochures by calling the Single Subject Teacher Education Program workplace at (562) 985-7622. All professional coursework for the credential have to be accomplished within seven years of admission to this system. Admission to the Program Before beginning the Single Subject Credential Program, students must be admitted to the University. Mathematics Complete the mathematics basic training requirement with a minimum grade of "C". Candidates are urged to submit letters of advice which replicate actions undertaken since their admission to the credential program. Continuing motivation for and enthusiasm towards instructing, together with those character traits believed important for profitable instructing. By October 1 or March 1 of the semester prior to Student Teaching, file a pupil instructing utility. Complete six (6) items of college-level foreign language, or equal expertise. Transfer graduate students ought to recognize that completion of the credential program might take three or more semesters. The department then makes a suggestion to the University Single Subject Teacher Education Committee which takes ultimate action. A Certificate of Clearance have to be on file in the Single Subject Office prior to the start of Student Teaching. Student instructing is full day, full semester, following the college district calendar. Students teach three lessons which characterize completely different aspects or levels of the only topic main. For two weeks, the student trainer shall have full instructing responsibility for each class each day. There is a wide variety|all kinds} of faculties and instructing conditions available in this system service space consultant of the diversity of the region. Potential for fulfillment in instructing, as indicated by profitable leadership, instructing expertise, or work expertise. Black Studies Emphasis Students are required to full the core of thirty-five (35) items and eighteen (18) items to present breadth and perspective. The only exception is for second semester seniors who successfully petition prematurely of obtaining the baccalaureate to depend a most of twelve (12) items taken in the senior year towards a postbaccalaureate credential. Computers in training see your credential advisor or the Single Subject Office for programs and choices for assembly this requirement. Comparative Literature Emphasis Students are required to full the core of thirty-five (35) items and fifteen (15) items to present breadth and perspective. Petition Process Students might enchantment a call to deny admission to this system or to pupil instructing, a negative suggestion for the credential, or some other program choice, by submitting a written enchantment to the Single Subject Programs Petition Committee. The Petition Committee evaluations the written statement and supporting evidence and interviews the candidate, if essential. Journalism Emphasis Students are required to full the core of thirty-five (35) items and a minimum of twenty-one (21) items to present breadth and perspective. Students ought to contact the Single Subject Credential Advisor in the space of interest for full details on each of these applications. Art Education (code 110) Students are required to full 30 items of core programs and a further 36 items to present breadth and perspective. Refer to the listing of programs under the Bachelor of Arts Degree in Art (Art Education) in the Art Department section of the catalog. Literacy and Composition Emphasis Students are required to full the core of thirty-five (35) items and a minimum of fifteen (15) items to present breadth and perspective. In addition to the core necessities, English Education students select an space of emphasis from the next selections. Music Education (code 170) this system in Music Education is in the process of being accredited to meet new state standards. Students might meet material mastery by a combination in fact work and Commission-approved examination. Physical Education (code 175) Complete the necessities for the Bachelor of Arts in Kinesiology with an Option in Adapted Physical Education, Elementary School Physical Education, or Secondary School Physical Education.
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An overview of the sociological and psychological literature on parenting with emphasis on fathers and fathering within the U. Focus on present literature and analysis relating to the perceived and changing roles of fathers. Discussion of fathers from varied ethnic groups in an effort to diminish stereotypes. Supervised teaching/learning expertise with preschool youngsters together with growth of skills for remark and assessment nicely as|in addition to} curriculum planning, implementation, and analysis. Students will become acquainted with the organization and management of lodge and lodging amenities. The course covers the functions of assorted operational departments and the way they interrelate. Supervised teaching/learning expertise with infants/toddlers, together with growth of skills for remark and assessment nicely as|in addition to} curriculum planning, implementation, and analysis. May be repeated for up to as} 6 units with assignments reflecting increasing levels of difficulty. Facilities at varied kinds of amount meals operations are utilized to present students with manufacturing and operational experiences - menu planning, costing, standardizing recipes, serving, merchandising, sanitation and safety. Field experiences include business and non-commercial settings, corresponding to, hospitals, eating places, hotels, school districts, universities, airlines, and senior foodservice methods. Decision theory and its utility, communication strategies, planning, working and evaluating applications for younger youngsters. Principles of administration and leadership in business and non-commercial foodservice operations are explored. Review of analysis on dating relationships and intervention applications designed for people or couples prior to marriage. Consideration of shyness, dating anxiousness, intimacy, sexual decision-making, values clarification, self-disclosure, and battle decision. Emphasis on making use of analysis to the development of applications to assist premarital individuals enrich their relationships. The impact of client expertise on the standard of life of people and families in both house and home-based work environments. Computer utility for shoppers in household useful resource and household management, together with problem-solving and decision-making. Principles and strategies for working with dad and mom in group and college applications. Assessment of wants and growth of applications for adults in selection of|quite so much of|a wide range of} social and cultural settings. The focus of the course is on planning, implementing and evaluating household life teaching programs. Gender, ethnicity, and variety issues as they relate to household life schooling might be careworn. Interaction of physical, biological, cultural and psychological components concerned in assessing and sustaining optimal nutritional health. Personal Finance for the Aging (3) Prerequisites: 400-level course in Consumer Affairs or consent of teacher. Metabolism of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and nutritional vitamins; interrelationship of nutrients; ideas of figuring out nutritional requirements of people. Federal, state, and native insurance policies, applications and legislation regarding housing and urban growth. Use of procedures for interviewing, counseling and instructing patients/clients in varied settings similar to these encountered in dietetic apply. Includes laboratory strategies for assortment and interpretation of demographic, dietary, anthropometric, biochemical and medical data. Activities include individual and group projects and website visits to such areas as an tailored private house, an Independent Living Center, a "particular clothing" producer, and a multipurpose rehabilitation middle. Identification, use and repair of wines and different alcoholic beverages, with an indepth evaluation of the varied parts of beverage operations together with purchasing, control, merchandising and bar management. Field trips are made to hotels and eating places to reveal and observe working ideas. Analysis and protection of personal and household resources; planning and forecasting targets; growth of financial strategies using insurance coverage, investment, tax management, pensions, wills and trusts. Metabolic adjustments in particular pathological conditions; dietary modifications used for treatment. Theory and apply within the prognosis of household monetary crises; selecting various solutions; setting up sensible strategies for the prevention of household monetary problems. Exploration of issues and topics in client affairs together with product growth and legal responsibility, advertising, state and federal regulatory agencies, credit rating and avenues of client redress. Factors influencing design of textiles and attire, strategies of textile and attire manufacturing, and human habits within the number of costume in societies and cultural groups are studies. Emphasis on symbolism of textiles and clothing designs as a communicative gadget for expressing social and cultural values. Impact of different cultures on western costume and impact of western costume on different attire methods is included. Theories and solutions of household housing in city and rural communities throughout the world. Consumer Protection (3) Prerequisites: Upper Division course in client affairs or consent of teacher. Concepts of client protection with evaluation of a myriad of resources available for people and families with client problems. Intensive research of nutrition together with analysis of present developments in meals and nutrition. Designed faculty kids|for college students} in health schooling, elementary and secondary schooling, social service and different elective students. Consideration of the style during which such variables as components, proportions, and strategies in meals preparation have an effect on} the standard of merchandise. Individual investigation of the creative design course of; analysis of equipment; experiences with selection of|quite so much of|a wide range of} materials and strategies. Application of merchandising ideas for the budgeting, planning, buying, selling and promoting of fashion items and attire in retail organizations. Utilizing knowledge and skills derived from the field of household and client sciences as a basis for offering occupational alternatives for youth and adult by way of planning applications at school and group. Social, political, financial, geographic and spiritual forces that have an effect on} types of fashion from antiquity to the present day. International, political and financial issues relevant to the textile and attire industries. Emphasis on understanding international elements of the textile and attire industries within the United States. Internship In Family and Consumer Sciences (3) Prerequisites: Student should be a Family and Consumer Sciences main, have senior standing or be a Gerontology Certificate scholar, a 2. Field expertise of one hundred twenty hours during which the student assumes a pre-professional position in an agency, business or different group setting. Internship supervisors monitor and evaluate scholar work primarily based on preestablished criteria acknowledged within the internship contract. Theories and Issues in Textiles and Clothing (1-3) Prerequisites: Six upper-division units in textiles and clothing or consent of teacher. Topics of present curiosity in textiles and clothing selected for intensive growth. Applications, advantages and limitations of sensory strategies using skilled judges and client panels. Statistical evaluation, data interpretation and comparison with earlier literature. Financial management, together with control of meals, labor, provides, tools and different operational costs; ideas and procedures used for controlling purchasing, receiving, storing, and issuing of meals, beverage, and provides; components affecting high quality and buyer satisfaction; stock and safety management; utilization of computers in cost control; and evaluation of financial reports within the hospitality foodservice and lodge industry. Directed Studies (1-3) Prerequisites: Upper class standing, consent of teacher.
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Pretreatment with corticosteroids to prevent opposed reactions to nonionic distinction media. A survey on using of} premedication previous to iodinated and gadolinium-based distinction material administration. Hyperglycemic penalties of corticosteroid premedication in an outpatient population. Hyperglycemia in hospitalized patients receiving corticosteroid premedication before the administration of radiologic distinction medium. Breakthrough opposed reactions to low-osmolar distinction media after steroid premedication. Two pretreatment regimens for high-risk patients receiving radiographic distinction media. Early results of corticosteroids on basophils, leukocyte histamine, and tissue histamine. The prevention of quick generalized reactions to radiocontrast media in high-risk patients. Protective impact against repeat opposed reactions to iodinated distinction medium: Premedication vs. Re- publicity to low osmolar iodinated distinction media in patients with prior moderate-to-severe hypersensitivity reactions: A multicentre retrospective cohort research. Furthermore, pre-procedure fasting might have negative results including scheduling limitations, hypoglycemic danger in patients with diabetes mellitus, and general discomfort. A 2012 meta-analysis of 13 studies a pair of|and a pair of},001 patients exposed to intravascular iodinated distinction media found that, regardless of heterogeneous fasting practices (including many with no restrictions), there were no cases of aspiration pneumonia attributable to iodinated distinction media . However, for patients receiving aware sedation, anesthesia pointers ought to be consulted. Occurrence of opposed reactions to gadolinium-based distinction material and administration of patients at elevated danger: a survey of the American Society of Neuroradiology Fellowship Directors. Frequency and severity of opposed results of iodinated and gadolinium distinction materials: retrospective evaluate of 456,930 doses. Practice Guidelines for Preoperative Fasting and the Use of Pharmacologic Agents to Reduce the Risk of Pulmonary Aspiration: Application to Healthy Patients Undergoing Elective Procedures: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Preoperative Fasting and the Use of Pharmacologic Agents to Reduce the Risk of Pulmonary Aspiration*. The mode and method of supply, either by hand or by power injector, additionally vary by procedure. Subject to the requirements of state regulation, a radiologist, radiologic technologist, or nurse might administer distinction media. It is necessary to keep away from extended admixture of blood and distinction media in syringes and catheters every time attainable outcome of} the chance of clot formation. In general, except known to be secure, the admixture of distinction media and any medicine ought to be prevented. Radiology personnel must acknowledge the necessity for correct approach to keep away from the possibly serious complications of distinction media extravasation and air embolism. Communicating with the patient before the examination and in the course of the injection might scale back the chance of distinction medium extravasation. If the patient reports pain or the feeling of swelling at the injection website, injection ought to be discontinued. Intravenous distinction media ought to be administered by power injector by way of a flexible plastic cannula. In addition, the move rate ought to be appropriate for the gauge of the catheter used. Although 22-gauge catheters find a way to|could possibly|might find a way to} tolerate move charges a lot as} 5 ml/sec, a 20-gauge or bigger catheter is preferable for move charges of 3 ml/sec or larger. An antecubital or large forearm vein is the preferred venous access website for power injection. Careful preparation of the facility injection equipment is crucial to decrease the chance of distinction medium extravasation or air embolism. Standard procedures ought to be used to clear the syringe and pressure tubing of air, after which the syringe ought to be reoriented with the tubing directed downward. Several maneuvers could be performed to affirm the proper intravenous location of an inserted catheter. A saline test flush could be performed by hand or once as} the tubing is linked to an influence injector. If the venipuncture website is found to be tender or infiltrated during any of those maneuvers, an alternative website ought to be sought. In all cases, the facility injector and its tubing ought to be positioned to allow sufficient desk motion with out rigidity on the intravenous line. This initially can occur via direct contact after which by use of an intercom or television system. When possible, the patient ought to be notified of the presence of such a system and instructed to notify the technologist for any changes in sensation, including rising pain or swelling at the injection website. However, power injection of distinction media by way of some central venous catheters could be performed safely provided that sure precautions are adopted. Before connecting the catheter to the injector system tubing, the catheter tip position ought to be examined for venous backflow. If saline could be injected by way of the catheter with out abnormal resistance, distinction media could be administered by way of the catheter safely. If abnormal resistance or discomfort is encountered, an alternative venous access website ought to be sought. Such catheters will often have a selected rating that indicates they can be used for power injection a lot as} a specified move rate. However, small-volume clinically insignificant venous air embolism commonly happens. Inadvertent injection of enormous amounts of air into the venous system might lead to air hunger, dyspnea, cough, chest pain, pulmonary edema, tachycardia, hypotension, and expiratory wheezing. Neurologic deficits might end result from stroke outcome of} decreased cardiac output or paradoxical air embolism. Patients with right-to-left intracardiac shunts or pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are at a better danger of having a neurological deficit develop from small volumes of air embolism. Treatment of venous air embolism contains administration of 100 percent oxygen and inserting the patient within the left lateral decubitus position. Hyperbaric oxygen has been recommended to scale back the size of air bubbles and to restore circulation and oxygenation. If cardio-pulmonary arrest happens, closed-chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation ought to be initiated instantly. Over the last twenty years, there have been improvements in product design and speed of line placement which have translated into a low reported complication rate [1-3]. Humeral placement is now the preferred website of access secondary to fast line placement and higher achievable move charges compared to with} tibial access [1,4,5]. A few small studies have looked at completely different lidocaine algorithms to decrease the pain of infusion [1,5,10]. The medicine was allowed to dwell for one minute, after which the road was flushed with 5-10 ml of saline adopted by one other 20 mg (1 ml) of lidocaine infused over one minute. Methods for mitigating soft-tissue injury after subcutaneous injection of water-soluble distinction media. Hyaluronidase for remedy of intravenous extravasations: implementation of an evidence-based guideline in a pediatric population. Suggested Reading (Articles that the Committee recommends for additional studying on this subject are provided here). Safety issues within the power injection of distinction media via central venous catheters during computed tomographic examinations. Initial Signs and Symptoms Although most patients complain of initial swelling or tightness, and/or stinging or burning pain at the website of extravasation, some experience little or no discomfort . On physical examination, the extravasation website edematous, erythematous, and tender . Sequelae of Extravasations Extravasated iodinated distinction media injury to surrounding tissues, notably to the skin, producing an acute local inflammatory response might not peak for 24 to forty eight hours . The acute tissue injury resulting from extravasation of iodinated distinction media is probably going}, minimal of|no much less than} partially, related to its hyperosmolality [45,46]. Despite this, the vast majority of patients in whom extravasations occur recuperate with out important sequelae .
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A recommendation for further research flows from the constraints that the findings are based on oblique evidence and are a snapshot in time. The task was given in the context of an educational foundations course in a trainer credential program at National University. A literature review offered a theoretical framework for the task to present that the learning outcomes are relevant and appropriate. Additionally, the findings will contribute to evidence of how the teaching and studying at the University align with State standards and the standards of external accrediting businesses. In Mathematics framework for California schools: Kindergarten through grade twelve. Assessing circumstances to improve educational effectiveness: the inventory for student engagement and success. Collaborative motion analysis tasks: Enhancing preservice trainer improvement in skilled improvement schools. International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life Long Learning, 14(12), 5867. This article presents the results of a analysis of teaching methodology and studying characteristics in quantity of} completely different courses, both onsite and online, addressing strategies, applied sciences and student demographic characteristics, such as age and gender. Key phrases Instructional follow, reflection, evaluation, teaching high quality, skilled improvement Introduction Student studying outcomes depend to a fantastic extent on the quality of teaching, in addition to many different factors. Another approach that can be be} effectively combined with this evaluation is a research of student characteristics. Knowing the learner will open ways to assess the effect of educational actions and select one of the best strategies, thus differentiating instruction and improving its outcomes. In this analysis we explored educational practices of various school members teaching the same courses at the university level using student and instructor surveys. We will talk about the problems that need to be investigated in school teaching practices, some outcomes of the survey, and their implications for teaching and studying. Rationale It goes with out saying that student studying outcomes depend to a fantastic extent on the quality of teaching, in addition to many different factors (McLeod & Reynolds, 2006; Jarvis 2006). Therefore, such an evaluation could have a profound effect on high quality of teaching and studying (Killion 2000; Edwards & Hensien, 1999; Huffman, Thomas, & Lawrenz, 2003), particularly when coupled with reflection. Yet educators should also to|must also} thoughts that|do not overlook that} teaching is a process including a minimum of|no less than} two participants: a trainer and a student. Needless to mention, this data may also considerably affect on} the quality of instructor-student interactions in the studying process. Enhancing instruction through learning learner characteristics is maintaining with} the learner-centered approach in education (Alexander & Murphy, 1994). When planning the educational process, the instructor usually assumes that everyone learns the same method. For the class to be efficient, and to reach the projected outcomes, the teaching must match their group and particular person characteristics. The key to educational effectiveness is to work across the participants quite than the content (Smith & Ragan 1999). The instructor must know the audience by figuring out learner characteristics. This information could be of a particular importance for online studying (Dabbagh, 2007) due to the physical separation of students from their instructor in place and time. The extra thoroughly instructors perceive similarities and differences between college students, the better probability they could have of assembly the varied studying wants of all their college students (Leng, 2002). It is necessary to adapt the course that one is or might be teaching and the preferred educational strategies to the characteristics of the specific class. Some of these strategies may be obtained earlier than the class begins, others in the means of studying, and nonetheless others in the end run|ultimately} of the class. Identifying student group profile through a simple questionnaire may be an efficient beginning of efficient differentiated instruction. Smith and Ragan (1999) recognize four classes of learner characteristics: cognitive, physiological, affective, and social. Students have stable and changing similarities and differences in their important characteristics. Research signifies that the identification of similarities and differences is a fundamental part of human 194 thought and that the idea of similarity is necessary to completely different forms of cognition, including memory and problem-solving (Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001; Gentner & Markman, 1997). Action studying encourages teacher-practitioners to diagnose their teaching within an educational context of teaching a class. This leads to steady trainer skilled improvement as a researcher and practitioner, and to improved studying outcomes. In our analysis we tried to determine student perceptions of some of the the} educational strategies and tools used in their lessons, time investment in studying, and two of the learner characteristics, the age and gender. Among social characteristics, gender and age may be the most notable (Nguyen, 2008; Garland & Martin, 2005). This article sums up our analysis performed at National University in the final seven years. The questionnaire contained questions in the following basic areas: · · · Class educational characteristics (strategies utilized in class, educational applied sciences utilized, most popular activities) Student reactions (satisfaction, expectations met, usefulness, appealing factors) Adult studying characteristics (learning kinds, preferences) 195 · · Time bills for numerous actions (reading, writing, doing assignments and preparing for tests) General/demographic (class, month, age, gender, ethnicity) the analysis was based on the responses from 306 college students to a survey administered in the three courses taught in 21 lessons. Approximately two-thirds of the scholars had been enrolled in online lessons; the remaining third had been onsite. The questionnaire with minor modifications was used for surveying both college students and instructors. The intent was to evaluate student and college responses to the same questions and discover correlations and contradictions between them. Research the analysis was focused on quantity of} issues, including student choice of the National University program; educational strategies and applied sciences used in the classroom; comparability between onsite and online formats; time investment for numerous actions; age and gender results on educational practices. National University uses a specific 1x1 mannequin of accelerated studying that was discussed in our quantity of} publications (Serdyukova 2008, Serdyukov 2008). It was attention-grabbing to learn the way in a different way|in another way} men and women reacted to online and onsite lessons and how younger and older college students responded to online versus onsite studying. Perceptions and attitudes toward accelerated online lessons differ amongst gender and age groups (Serdyukov, Tatum, & Serdyukova, 2006). These outcomes are presented right here, along with implications and proposals for providing online and onsite lessons to men and women of various ages. When surveyed on the reason for selecting a nontraditional, accelerated mannequin of grownup greater education offered by National University, college students gave the next responses: · · · Short (one-month long), accelerated courses: 71. Students at present are inclined to expect the comfort of access to studying services and different services (Ashburn, 2006). Convenience of studying has become a critical issue for learners (Lucking, Christmann, & Wighting, 2007), whereas accelerated packages that permit them to graduate sooner are enticing as a result of|as a outcome of} might possibly} affect on} their career. This analysis was based on comparing Beginning Algebra courses taught at National University, DeVry University, and Los Angeles Community College by the same instructor using the same program, textbook and evaluation criteria however in two distinctly completely different formats. It could be attention-grabbing to evaluate different courses taught at National and different schools to determine similarities and differences in studying outcomes and educational methodology. Instructional strategies and applied sciences One of the most important issues is the use of of} educational strategies and academic applied sciences in the school rooms, including the web ones. The survey demonstrated that the use of of} educational strategies and academic applied sciences diversified across online and onsite instruction in all lessons (Serdyukov, Tatum, Greiner, Subbotin, & Serdyukova, 2005). Table 1 reveals the frequency with which completely different educational strategies and academic applied sciences had been utilized in different lessons taught in three selected topic areas, methodology, math, and science. Ratings had been on a 5-point frequency of use scale starting from 1 (never) to 5 (every class). Table 1 Frequency of Use of Strategies for Different Class Types Strategies and Technologies Classes Methodology Mathematics Science Class Strategy: Frequency of Use (1 = by no means, 5 = each class) Lectures Workshops Group discussions Problem fixing Brainstorming Role half in} Simulations Case studies Student presentation Peer collaboration Project improvement Note: All differences greater than. Methodology class also used these strategies however used a extra diversified approach the distinction in the class content, educational methodology and goals that decision for certain procedures and abilities. For occasion, downside fixing positively belongs to math and often science lessons, yet might possibly} hardly be utilized in a methodology class. Table 2 Frequency of Use of Technologies for Different Class Types Educational Technology: Frequency of Use (1 = by no means, 5 = in each class) Internet PowerPoint Multimedia Overhead projector Note: all differences greater than. We attribute the distinction in the use of of} applied sciences also to the class content, educational methodology and goals that decision for certain procedures and abilities. For occasion, math and science lessons extra typically use conventional chalkboard than technology the importance of downside fixing in entrance of the class.
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Adjustment and resiliency following disclosure of transgender id in families of adolescents and younger adults: Themes and scientific implications. Sociodemographic, scientific, and psychiatric characteristics of transsexuals from Spain. Medical remedy and well being upkeep for transgender males: A guide for well being care suppliers. Addressing the perfect requirements by free flap phalloplasty: Some reflections on refinements of approach. Endocrine remedy of transsexual individuals: An Endocrine Society scientific follow guideline. An affirmative intervention for families with gendervariant kids: Parental ratings of kid psychological well being and gender. The well being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals: Building a basis for higher understanding. Lady boys, tom boys, lease boys: Male and feminine homosexualities in modern Thailand. Consensus assertion on -hydroxylase deficiency from the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society and the European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology. Exceptional presenting circumstances and end result of augmentation mammaplasty in male-to-female transsexuals. Male-to-female transsexualism: A approach, outcomes and long-term follow-up in patients. Factors associated with satisfaction or regret following maleto-female sex reassignment surgical procedure. Patient-reported complications and practical outcomes of male-to-female sex reassignment surgical procedure. Transgender emergence: Therapeutic pointers for working with gender-variant individuals and their families. The psychological well being skilled and model new} applied sciences: A handbook for follow right now. Between pink and blue: A multi-dimensional household approach to gender nonconforming kids and their families. Gender task and reassignment in intersexuality: Controversies, knowledge, and pointers for research. 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The reported sex and surgical procedure satisfactions of postoperative male-to-female transsexual patients. Children with gender id issues and their dad and mom in individual and group remedy. Translating research into follow: Trans youth recommendations for bettering faculty systems. Klinefelter syndrome: Expanding the phenotype and figuring out new research instructions.